Innovation

This Affordable Robotic Arm Increases Strength By 40 Percent

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What’s the Latest Development?

A robotic arm that is “ergonomic, non-invasive, wireless, battery-powered and affordable” has won its creators a $45,000 award from the James Dyson Foundation. When worn, the Titan Arm increases arm strength by 40 percent, which makes it useful in applications ranging from physical rehabilitation to disaster relief. Unlike similar exoskeleton-like devices, which cost upwards of six figures, it cost the team of University of Pennsylvania student engineers about $2,000 to make. In addition to the $45,000, which will allow them to further develop the prototype, the engineering department won $16,000 for rapid prototyping equipment.

What’s the Big Idea?



The Dyson Award is an international competition that challenges teams of university students to “design something that solves a problem.” In this case, the expense of most exoskeletons makes them ineligible for health insurance coverage, even though they have been shown to assist or even accelerate rehab in a variety of situations. The Titan Arm team hopes to make their version available for less than $10,000, which could help bring it into more hospitals and rehab centres



Developer markets

The poor world will go from copying new technology to creating it

Mobile minds, too

In 2014 the number of mobile-phone subscriptions will overtake the number of human beings, according to the International Telecommunication Union. Much of the growth will come from Africa and Asia, where getting a phone is only the first step: many millions more people will get online too. India and China will both launch “fourth generation” mobile broadband in 2014, with subscriptions priced well below those in the West, perhaps as low as $2 a month in India.

The opportunities for tech firms are enormous. Yet Western firms will face stiff local competition. At first this will take the form of price warfare from domestic imitators. In China Apple has been pushed into seventh spot in smartphone sales by Xiaomi, a company that openly models itself on Apple and started selling phones only in 2011. Domestic producers now have 60% of China’s smartphone market, according to Canalys, a research firm. A home-grown phone-maker, Micromax, will outsell Samsung in India in 2014.

More significant is what poor countries are doing with technology once they get it. One well-known example of poor-country innovation is M-PESA, a mobile money-transfer system that started in Kenya and is catching on in Asia.

More recently an Indian entrepreneur created Hike, a mobile-messaging app like WhatsApp and Viber, which lets smartphone users send messages using data connections, bypassing sms charges. But Hike also works with non-smartphones. In India, with a smartphone penetration rate of only 6%, that is an essential feature for many. Nothing similar is offered by any of the big messaging apps—not even China’s WeChat, poised to become the world’s largest.

What poor-country innovations typically have in common is that they are born of scarcity. M-PESA’s mobile money did not flourish in the West because Europe and America, with an abundance of banks and credit cards, have no need for it. WhatsApp, which came out of Silicon Valley, does not need users of older, non-smartphones to expand its network.

That is not to suggest that innovation is a zero-sum game. M-PESA received early funding from Vodafone of Britain. Hike is part-owned by SoftBank, a Japanese telecoms giant. Such cross-ownership benefits everyone. In 2014 money and technology may come from the West but some of the best ideas will come from unexpected places, as the developing world turns into the developer world.

Leo Mirani: technology correspondent, Quartz

From The World In 2014 print edition

Buster Hein (10:57 am PDT, Apr 21st)

applecampus2

Apple Goes Behind The Scenes Of Its New Spaceship Campus [Video]
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Buster Hein (10:57 am PDT, Apr 21st)
applecampus2
A video detailing the creation of Apple Campus 2 was released this morning featuring glimpses of the Spaceship’s architectural achievements in natural ventilation, renewable energy, trees regrowth, and other revolutionary tech that’s will make it one of the best office buildings in the world.
The video also features interviews of the people behind the campus, like architect Norman Foster, who tells the story of how Steve Jobs recruited him for the job of building Apple Campus 2 and how the project didn’t start as a circular building but grew into that as the intensive project progressed.
Check out the video below, before Apple takes it down:

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